【商机】在新西兰买生意4点注意事项
2016-01-01 14:55:56   来源:方达财经   评论:0

在新西兰,买生意签订买卖协议前需寻求法律建议,从而更好地保护你的权益。以下是生意购买协议的基本知识

 


  【新西兰生活网】 在新西兰,买生意签订买卖协议前需寻求法律建议,从而更好地保护你的权益。以下是生意购买协议的基本知识:

    协议格式

    在新西兰,卖家和买家在购买和出售生意时使用的协议有几种格式。最常用的协议格式是奥克兰地区法律协会和新西兰房地产协会格式协议(ADLS协议)。


    协议条款

    生意购买协议基本条款:

  • 卖家和买家的名字;

  • 营业场所的描述;

  • 生意的描述;

  • 购买价格;

  • 押金额;

  • 卖家的协助期和卖家的贸易管制;

  • 有形和无形资产清单;

  • 与营业场所有关的租赁细节;

  • 尽职调查。

    新西兰的华人在购买生意时,经常忽略审核一些关键信息,造成买完生意后才发现吃亏。如何减少问题的出现,有4点需要注意:


    尽职调查

    在购买生意时,做尽职调查非常有必要。尽职调查指的是审核该生意的财务和生意运作情况等。卖家通常在买家签订有条件买卖协议后才提供财务信息和有关数据。买家通常需要会计师和律师做尽职调查。会计师对生意进行财务评估,律师则审查租赁文件和其他卖家之前签署的、但未来将对买家仍具有约束力的协议。


    购买价格和资产

    总购买价格通常包括三个部分,有形资产价值、无形资产价值和存货价值。有形资产包括机器、设备、家具和配件。无形资产(或通常所指的信誉)包括生意名字、声誉及客户基础。对生意的有形和无形资产进行认真的审核和评估将是十分明智的。此外,买家还必须检查该生意是否有抵押和其他负债等。


    租赁

    如果生意的经营场所是租赁的,那么律师应审核所有有关租赁的文件。ADLS 协议规定自协议签署之日或从收到租赁文件之日起(以较晚的时间为准),买家有5个工作日审核并决定同意或不同意租赁条款。

    另外,几乎所有的生意购买协议生效都有一个前提条件,即房东同意继续租赁生意场所给买家。因此房东可能需要买家提供财务资料作为评估。


    雇员

    是否保留现有的雇员或让卖家终止雇佣都会引起相应的法律后果。具体处理方式买家应该和律师讨论。

    本文只为读者提供一般信息。在这篇文章中所包含的内容不构成法律意见。如需获得更多的相关信息,请联系律师事务所。


    原文如下:

BUYING A BUSINESS IN NEW ZEALAND

The form of Agreement

There are several forms of agreements used by vendors and purchasers when buying and selling business in New Zealand. The most commonly use form of agreement is the Auckland District Law Society and Real Estate Institute of New Zealand form of agreement (the ADLS Agreement). This is the form of agreement the broker has shown to you.

Terms of the Agreement

An agreement for purchase of a business should include, at the minimum the following essential terms:

Names of the vendor and the purchaser;

Description of the business premises;

Description of the use of the business;

The purchase price;

The deposit amount;

The Vendor’s assistance period and the vendor’s restraint of trade;

The list of tangible and intangible assets; and
Lease details in respect of the business premises.

Due Diligence

Before purchasing a business it is recommended that you carry out a due diligence of the business. Due diligence is the process of checking financial information and data relating to a business and how the business is performing. Often the vendor will require the purchaser to enter into an agreement for sale and purchase of a business before he or she discloses all financial information and data relevant to the business. If you are unfamiliar with accounting and income tax records we recommend you seek expert opinion from an experienced accountant to help you understand the information and assist you in your evaluation of the business. Your lawyer could assist you to complete the due diligence in respect of the lease documents and other agreements that the vendor has entered into that is intended to be binding on subsequent owners of the business.

Purchase price and Assets

The total purchase price is usually comprised of three parts, the value of the tangible assets, the value of the intangible assets and the value of the stock in trade. The tangible assets of a business include machinery, equipment, furniture, fittings, and chattels. The intangible assets of the business (or goodwill as it is commonly known) include the name and reputation of the business and the client base of the business. It would be prudent for you to examine and evaluate the tangible and intangible assets of the business you are purchasing carefully. It is also important to ensure that you will also be acquiring the name of the motel and are entitled to the information relating to clients kept by the business. Furthermore, it will be necessary to check that the business assets you are acquiring are free of mortgages and other charges.

Lease – Approval and Landlord’s consent to Assignment of Lease

It is common in New Zealand for the premises used for the business to be leased. Where there is an existing lease for the business premises it is important to have your lawyer review all relevant lease documents. The ADLS Agreement provides that the purchaser has five working days from the date of the agreement or from the date of receipt of the lease documents, whichever is the later to review and approve or disapprove the lease terms.

The agreement to purchase the business will almost always contained a condition that the sale of the business need to be conditional upon the landlord (or owner of the premises) consenting to the transfer/assignment of the lease to the purchaser of the business.As such you will be required to provide financial information to the landlord.

Employees working in the business

You should also consider whether you wish to retain the employees of the business or have the vendor terminate their services. These are issues which you should discuss with your lawyer as there are significant legal repercussions attaching to that decision.

(本文获得合作伙伴 方达财经 http://www.fundstar.co.nz/ 的正式授权转载)

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